Web Application Development

Web application development is the creation of application programs that reside on remote servers and are delivered to the user’s device over the Internet. A web application (web app) does not need to be downloaded and is instead accessed through a network. An end user can access a web application through a web browser such as Google Chrome, Safari, or Mozilla Firefox. A majority of web applications can be written in JavaScript, Cascading Style Sheets (CSS), and HTML5.

Server-side programming powers the client-side programming and is used to create the scripts that web applications use. Scripts can be written in multiple scripting languages such as Ruby, Java and Python. Server-side scripting will create a custom interface for the end-user and will hide the source code that makes up the interface.

A database such as MySQL or MongoDB can be used to store data in web application development.

Best Practices

Web applications will have a large amount of information that may contain mistakes, so the testing process for web applications tend to be more in-depth than other forms of software. Web application development tests may include security, performance, load, stress, accessibility, usability and quality assurance tests. Other tests that can be performed for web applications include HTML/CSS validation or cross-browser tests. Many of these tests can and should be automated whenever possible.

Tools

Helpful web application development tools include:

  • Bootstrap: an automation framework which manages HTML and CSS.
  • jQuery and Ruby on Rails: for JavaScript libraries and frameworks respectively.
  • js: is a JavaScript runtime used as a back-end programming tool.

Top Web Application Development Platforms

ASP.NET Core

ASP.NET Core is the completely redesigned edition of ASP.NET. Microsoft has designed ASP.NET Core as an open source, cross-platform, lean, and composable framework. ASP.NET Core even comes with a set of features and tools to accelerate development of custom web applications and cloud-based applications. The developers can run ASP.NET Core applications on three major operating systems – Windows, Linux and macOS. The developers can further use a single and unified programming model to build web UI and web APIs. ASP.NET Core even allows them to choose from three distinct programming languages – C#, F# and VB.NET.

JavaServer Pages (JSP)

Oracle has developed JSP with features to simplify and accelerate dynamic web content creation. The web application development platform is developed on top of Java EE 5. The developers can leverage JSP as a server-side web technology to create dynamic and platform-independent content. JSP further simplifies custom web application development by allowing programmers to access a wide range of Java APIs and make it easier for programmers to accomplish common web development tasks like retrieving data from databases, sharing information between pages/requests, and passing control between web pages.

Laravel

At present, Laravel is the most preferred web framework for PHP. The open source PHP web framework simplifies development of large and complex web applications by supporting model-view-controller (MVC) architectural pattern. At the same time, the simple but elegant toolkit provided by Laravel makes it easier for developers to build custom web applications according to varied business requirements. Larval further accelerates web application development by using components provided by robust web frameworks. It even enables programmers to perform common web development tasks using a command-line utility called Artisan. The developers can further work with databases efficiently using a robust ORM system.